成人学习者对远程教育教师的要求及素质认同

——来自上海电视大学的调查报告

 

查文英   

 

(上海远程教育集团 发展研究部,200086

 

【摘要】远程教育教师的素质与远程教育的教学质量有着密切联系,关乎远程教育的可持续发展。目前国内外对远程教育教师素质的研究都是基于远程开放教育的教学特点展开的。本文综合已有研究成果,从学习者的视角,就“电大学生心目中的好教师”这一主题开展大样本调查,主要包括基本职业素养、专业知识水平、教学方法和策略、教学评价与反馈以及资源开发与技术应用五个方面。结果显示,大部分学习者认为电大教师这五个方面的素质比较全面;在认同程度方面,成人学习者非常认同教师应具备的教学方法和策略,胜过对教师高学历学位的认同,不同分校在这方面的认同程度又存在差异;对于教师“基本职业素质”的认同程度在统计意义上的差异不显著,其他方面都显示有差异;学习者对教师的教学技术应用方面存在不同程度的认同;学习者对教学生动性、实用性的期望值较高,并且渴望教师的充分理解以及与教师的沟通交流。

【关键词】教师;素质;成人学习者;广播电视大学;问卷调查;

【中图分类号】G442

【文献标识码】A

【文章编号】1007-2179200806-0116-06

 

【作者简介】查文英,助理研究员,上海远程教育集团发展研究部;李娟,实习研究员,上海远程教育集团发展研究部。(Lianyi368@126.com)

 

On Competencies and Identity of Distance Instructors

——A Survey from Shanghai TV University

 

ZHA Wenying & LI Juan

 

(Development and Research Department, Shanghai TV University, Shanghai 200086, China)

 

Abstract: Distance instructors play an important role in educational quality assurance and sustainable development in distance education. At present, many studies on the competencies of distance instructors have been done according to distance educational characteristics, while this paper focused on learners’ views and carried out a large sample survey on the theme" Competencies of excellent teacher in your mind".

On the basis of related literatures, the authors concluded five areas of distance instructors’ competencies as follows: basic professional knowledge, knowledge of professional disciplines, teaching methods, teaching evaluation, as well as resource development and application of technology. The sample of survey involved adult learners studying in Shanghai TV University and 17 branches.

The result has showed that the five areas of distance instructors’ competencies were identified, but different competencies have been identified on different degree. Adult learners have been very much agreeing with the teaching methods and strategies, rather than high degree qualification of teachers, however, the learners from different branches held different identification on this area. The result has presented that the identification degree on almost areas has significant differences in the statistical sense, except the area of basic professional knowledge. Besides, there also existed varying degrees of identification on the area of technology application. The study has presented that adult learners have had high expectations on vitality and practicality of teaching and have been desiring fully understanding and communication with teachers. Therefore, authors suggest that distance instructors pay more attention to investigating learners’ requirements and improving the teaching methods and technology applications accordingly.

Key words: instructors; competency; adult learners; identify; survey

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