查文英 李 娟
On Competencies and Identity of Distance Instructors
——A Survey from Shanghai TV University
ZHA Wenying & LI Juan
(Development and Research Department, Shanghai TV University, Shanghai 200086, China)
Abstract: Distance instructors play an important role in educational quality assurance and sustainable development in distance education. At present, many studies on the competencies of distance instructors have been done according to distance educational characteristics, while this paper focused on learners’ views and carried out a large sample survey on the theme" Competencies of excellent teacher in your mind".
On the basis of related literatures, the authors concluded five areas of distance instructors’ competencies as follows: basic professional knowledge, knowledge of professional disciplines, teaching methods, teaching evaluation, as well as resource development and application of technology. The sample of survey involved adult learners studying in Shanghai TV University and 17 branches.
The result has showed that the five areas of distance instructors’ competencies were identified, but different competencies have been identified on different degree. Adult learners have been very much agreeing with the teaching methods and strategies, rather than high degree qualification of teachers, however, the learners from different branches held different identification on this area. The result has presented that the identification degree on almost areas has significant differences in the statistical sense, except the area of basic professional knowledge. Besides, there also existed varying degrees of identification on the area of technology application. The study has presented that adult learners have had high expectations on vitality and practicality of teaching and have been desiring fully understanding and communication with teachers. Therefore, authors suggest that distance instructors pay more attention to investigating learners’ requirements and improving the teaching methods and technology applications accordingly.
Key words: instructors; competency; adult learners; identify; survey