Online Learning Community of Practice supports

Professional Development

——Exploration into a Sino-Germany Online Training Program for

Professionals against HIV/AIDS in Western China

 

LIU Bangxiang

 

(School of Continuing Education and Teacher Training, Beijing 100875, China)

 

Abstract:Over two millions learners have been enrolled in China in e-learning programs. There is much public debate on whether such programs are capable of improving professional development for learners. This paper explores how an online training course has been developed and how a pilot course with 60 participants in Guizhou Province and Sicuan Province in western China has been conducted in accordance with underlying principles for communities of pracitice.  The paper analyzes the learning process from three perspectives: learning competence, problem-based learning, and members' relations. The explorative analysis finds that close linkage to professional practice and effective interaction with tutors are among the most conducive factors for quality of e-learning programs.

Key words: community of practice; e-learning quality; professional development; problem-based learning; Sino-Germany cooperation

CLC numbersG434

Document codeA

Article ID1007-2179(2009)06-0048-04

The Author: Liu Bangxiang, School of Continuing Education and Teacher Training, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China (liuleo_6@hotmail.com).

 

 “实践共同体”在线学习促进专业化发展

——中德合作在中国西部开展HIV/AIDS医护人员

在线培训的教学探讨

 

刘邦祥

 

(北京师范大学继续教育与教师培训学院,北京100875)

 

【摘要】近年来中国高校组织的在线学习课程发展迅速,学生注册数达200万。中国社会非常关注这类在线的成人教育能否促进学习者的职业能力发展。基于参与中德合作开展HIV/AIDS医护人员在线培训项目的经验,本文总结了该在线培训课程的开发过程以及按照“实践共同体”教学模式组织贵州、四川两省60名在职医护人员在线学习该课程的试验教学经历,并从“学员学习能力”、“问题作为学习任务”和“成员间关系”三个角度分析了“实践共同体”的在线学习过程和效果。研究发现:密切关注职业实践问题,以及与专业辅导人员有效的平等交流被学习者视为决定在线学习效果的最为重要的因素。因此,笔者认为实践共同体在线学习是促进中国网络教育课程质量的有效途径。

【关键词】实践共同体;在线学习;专业化发展;问题导向的课程设计;中德发展性合作

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