教学设计自动化语义模型及其实现方法*

 

魏顺平1  路秋丽2  何克抗3  李宇翔4

 

1.中央广播电视大学 现代远程教育研究所,北京 100031

2.高等教育出版社, 北京 100029

3.北京师范大学 现代教育技术研究所, 北京 100875

4.北京市崇文区教育研修学院,北京 100062

 

【摘要】教学设计自动化属于教学设计研究领域的一个重要课题,国内外多位学者曾提出教学设计自动化理论,并设计开发了多种教学设计自动化工具。本研究通过对国内外教学设计自动化理论研究成果的系统梳理,揭示出已有理论存在教学处方粒度偏大或偏小的不足,并从实际需求出发,构建了基于教学设计模板、教学模式、优秀教学设计方案、课程标准、教学设计学科本体等多个知识库的教学设计自动化语义模型。为实现这一模型,作者给出了基于文本挖掘的教学设计学科知识库半自动建构的理论与方法,以及相应工具开发的技术路线。该模型可用于支持中小学多学科教学设计,以及理论知识学习的教学设计自动化工具的开发,能够为当前正在开展的教师教育技术能力培训提供智力支持。

【关键词】教学设计自动化;教学设计;语义模型;知识工程

【中图分类号】G434

【文献标识码】A

【文章编号】1007-2179(2009)06-0052-19

【作者简介】魏顺平,中央广播电视大学助理研究员(wsp2049@163.com);路秋丽,高等教育出版社技术编辑;何克抗,北京师范大学教授;李宇翔,北京市崇文区教育研修学院中学一级教师。

*基金项目:本文系全国教育科学“十一五”规划国家重点课题“以教育技术促进学校教育创新研究”(编号:ACA070004)成果之一。

 

 

The Semantic Model of AID And Its Realizing Methods

 

WEI Shunping1,  LU Qiuli2,  HE Kekang3 & LI Yuxiang4

 

(1. Modern Distance Education Institute, China Central Radio & TV University, Beijing 100031China;

2. High Education Press, Beijing 100029China;

3. Modern educational Technology Institute, Beijing Normal University,

Beijing 100875China;

4. Chongwen District Educational Research Institute of Beijing, Beijing  100062China)

 

Abstract: Automated Instructional Design (abbreviated as AID) is an important field of study in educational technology. Some scholars have recommended some theories of AID and developed corresponding tools. The author systematically analyzes the literature of theories and tools of AID at home and abroad, and based on this review the author points out the limitation of existing theories. To solve practical problems with teacher competency training, the author recommends a semantic model of AID and the building of repertories including instructional design templates, teaching models, instructional design scenarios, curriculum standards, and instructional design methods. To implement this semantic model of AID, the author recommends theories and repositories of tools for semiautomated instructional design. This model could be used to support the development of AID tools to support the instructional design of different subjects in primary and junior schools.  It will also help to study instructional design theories.

Key words: AID; instructional design; semantic model; knowledge engineering

 

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