以IT治理推动大学信息化建设

——以加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校为例

 

刘永贵

 

(南京大学 网络化学习与管理研究所, 江苏南京 210093

 

【摘要】IT治理是当前世界大学信息化体制建设的核心议题。作者考察和分析了美国加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校IT治理改革历程,指出提升大学核心活动价值,以信息化促进大学战略使命实现是信息化发展目标;实现IT管理与IT服务相分离,以对IT项目与预算的决策、监管为主线,构建多群体参与的IT权责框架是IT治理改革的核心;通过IT规划与自我IT治理审查认清问题,在校长直接推动下,以校领导换届为契机,广泛发动校内外多群体推行IT治理改革。实践表明,IT治理改革是校内外相关群体利益的再次分配,是关乎大学文化的一场变革,是推动大学治理改革的切入点。

【关键词】IT治理;改革;大学

【中图分类号】G647

【文献标识码】A

【文章编号】1007-2179201001-0107-06

 

 

【作者简介】刘永贵,南京大学网络化学习与管理研究所教师,在读博士。

 

The Explorations and Lessons of IT Governance

Reform in UC Berkeley

 

LIU Yonggui

 

(Institute for Digital Learning and Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China)

 

Abstract: IT governance is a core issue for information systems construction and practice development.  In this articlethe author analyzes and investigates the change process of IT governance in UC Berkeleyand concludes that the key to informationization is to use technology to enhance key activities of a university and to accomplish a university's mission.  Central to the reform are the separation of IT management and IT services, decisionmaking and monitoring of IT projects, funding management, and the construction of IT organization structure. Identifying problems by IT strategic planning and self review of IT governance, the president of university provides direct oversight to IT governance reform.  The general election of the president of UC Berkeley provides an additional opportunity for change, causing multiple groups to be engaged in the governance reform.  These are all successful lessons of IT governance reform in UC Berkeley. It is also important to note that the change of IT governance is a redistribution of interests, involving a more fundamental change in the university culture and a key part in the reform of university governance as a whole.

Key words: IT governancereformuniversity

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