大一学生计算机资讯准备度与网络使用情况调查

 

杨 倩

 

(厦门大学 高等教育科学研究所,福建厦门 361005

 

    【摘要】通过对31个省(市、区)175所普通高校471702007级大一学生计算机资讯准备度以及网络使用情况的调查,发现大一学生家中计算机拥有率较低,计算机能力的自我认可程度普遍不高,计算机功能的使用停留在较低的层次,多数学生每周平均上网的总时间较少,每周平均上网工作项目的时间分布不合理,网页上的课程大纲及BBS上的讨论对大一学生选课的影响力不强,多数学生没有有效地利用网络资源。此外,除在家中拥有计算机方面只存在城乡差异外,在其他各个项目上均存在显著的性别差异与城乡差异。基于这些发现,本研究尝试着进行讨论、分析并提出一些建议。

    【关键词】大一学生;计算机资讯准备度;网络使用;调查

    【中图分类号】G455

    【文献标识码】A

    【文章编号】1007-2179201002-0076-06

    【作者简介】杨倩,厦门大学高等教育科学研究所2007级硕士生(muyirenqing@163.com)。

 

Survey on Computer Information Readiness and Internet Usage

of Fresher in China

 

YANG Qian

 

Research Institute of Higher Education ScienceXiamen UniversityXiamen 361005China

 

Abstract: Based on a survey of computer information readiness and Internet usage of 47170 fresher in 2007 from 175 higher education institutes in 31 provinces in Chinamunicipalities, autonomous regions,we find out that familys computer ownership rate is low when the fresher studied in the high school, freshers selfrecognition of computer capacity is not high widely, the utilization of computer function still remains at a low level, most students spend less time on Internet per week, the time distribution of working items per week is unreasonable, syllabus on web pages and discussion on BBS have less influence on selecting curricula, most students do not make full use of net resources. In addition, except that only ruralurban difference exists in familys computer ownership, both gender difference and ruralurban difference exist in other items prominently Based on the findings, the study tries to have a discussion to analyze the reasons and propose some feasible suggestions.

Key words:fresher; computer information readiness; Internet usage ; survey

 

 

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