The Meeting between the Participants is Recreated at
a Distance in order to Create Deeper Understanding
Tore Persson1 GAO Shuting2
(1.Institute of International Eucation,Sockholm University,Sweden;
2.Swedish National Council of Adult Education,Sweden)
Abstract:This article is aiming to explain the characteristics of distance education within the special Swedish form of nonformal adult education that is provided by folk high schools and study associations. According to the philosophy within folk high schools and study associations, meetingbased learning is fundamental in a constructive learning process. Especially when the purpose of the studies is not limited to mechanical reproduction of information for a formal exam. Whenever there is a need for analysis, critical discussions etc many students need the group to reach a deeper understanding of the topic. Meetingbased learning has been the distinguishing feature for folk high schools and study associations for about a century. Now this meeting among the course participants is recreated in courses at a distance in order to create more flexible learning situations, deeper learning and good learner support.Gradually folk high school teachers and study circle leaders in Sweden have realized that it is possible to create good learning conditions at a distance with the help of modern ICT. They have also realized that it is possible to create virtual forums where the participants can meet, learn from each other and give each other good support. And it has become more and more clear that learning at a distance does not have to be the second best alternative, but that it has some qualities of its own compared to facetoface courses.
Key words: adult education；nonformal adult education；flexible learning
（1.国家成人教育委员会，瑞典； 2.斯德哥尔摩大学 国际教育研究所，瑞典）