网络课程质量评价实践及学术研究评述

 

张润芝1  张进宝1  陈庚2

 

1.北京师范大学 知识工程研究中心,北京100875

2.北京交通大学远程与继续教育学院,北京100044

 

【摘要】网络课程质量评价在整个网络教育中占有非常重要的地位,可为网络课程学分互认提供依据。本文以近5年国内外关于网络课程质量评价的实践及文献作为研究对象,总结了实践领域影响力较高的网络课程质量评价指标,从专家视角、学生视角、交互视角、各类教学原理视角对已有研究进行了评述。研究发现,坚持整体观立场,以有效学习发生为基础,探索网络课程质量是极其重要的;网络课程质量评价研究的三个基本核心问题为目标是否适合社会需求、目标与其实现手段是否一致、目标与其评价是否一致,这三个问题也是研究网络课程学分互认的重要基础。

【关键词】学分互认;网络课程质量评价;专家视角;学生视角;交互视角;各类教学原理视角

【中图分类号】G434

【文献标识码】A

【文章编号】1007-2179(2011)04-0060-06

【作者简介】张润芝,北京师范大学知识工程研究中心在读博士研究生(xiaohui_1219@163.com);张进宝,讲师,北京师范大学知识工程研究中心;陈庚,教授,北京交通大学远程与继续教育学院。

 

A Review of Online Course Quality Assessment and

A Synthesis of Associated Research

 

ZHANG Runzhi1, ZHANG Jinbao1 &CHEN Geng2

 

1.R & D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China;

2. School of Distance Learning and Further Education, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044,China

 

Abstract: Online Course Quality Assessment plays a very important role in distance education, and serve as the basis for recognition of online course credits. This article analyses the literature about the research and practice of online assessment, from 2005-2010, around the world. Through this analysis, we summarize the impressing online course accreditation standards, discuss the related research views from four perspectives (expert's, student's, interaction, and various teaching principles). The study finds that it is essential to explore the online course quality comprehensively from effective learning. It also reveals the three core issues related to online course assessment: 1) objectives meeting the needs of the society, alignment between goals and means, and alignment between goals and quality assessment. These three criteria can also be the foundation of online course accreditation.

Key words: credits accreditation; online course quality assessment; experts perspective; students perspective; interactive perspective; teaching principles

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