大脑学习探秘

——认知神经科学研究进展

 

汪晓东  张立春  肖鑫雨

 

(华南师范大学教育信息技术学院,广东广州 510631

 

【摘要】认知神经科学是从脑神经的层面对认知进行研究的学科,是学习科学的一个重要领域,主要关注感知觉、选择性注意、记忆、语言、情绪和意识等的神经机制。本文介绍了认知神经科学的产生、发展、学科建设情况以及部分知名学者,并对其定义、特点、研究方法与技术进行了讨论;同时还介绍了该领域的一个知名研究机构——卓越学习中心的概况、六个在研项目、三个主要的合作实验室和学术成就;最后介绍了认知神经科学的三个新近研究,并对该学科与教育的关系及其发展进行了评述。

【关键词】认知神经科学;卓越学习中心;教育;学习科学;大脑

【中图分类号】G442

【文献标识码】A

【文章编号】1007-2179(2011)05-0040-12

【作者简介】汪晓东,华南师范大学教育信息技术学院未来教育研究中心教师、博士研究生(1796706@qqcom);张立春,华南师范大学教育信息技术学院未来教育研究中心硕士研究生;肖鑫雨,华南师范大学教育信息技术学院远程教育研究所硕士研究生。

 

Exploration of the Potential of Brain in Learning:

Research on Cognitive Neuroscience

 

WANG Xiaodong, ZHANG Lichun & XIAO Xinyu

 

School of Information Technology in Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China

 

Abstract: Cognitive Neuroscience is a field about the scientific study of cognition on the research of neuron in brain. It is an important area of Learning Sciences, which addresses the neuron mechanism of consciousness, selective attention, memory, language, emotion and consciousness. This article introduces the emergence, development, building of Cognitive Neuroscience and some wellknown scholars. It also discusses the definition, character, research method, and technology associated with this field. Meanwhile, this article introduces a wellknown research center, CELEST, focusing on its current development, six projects, three collaborative labs, and its scholarly achievement. Finally, this paper describes three recent projects of Cognitive Neuroscience, discusses the relationship between Cognitive Neuroscience and Education, and comments on the future of this field.

Key words:cognitive neuroscience; CELEST; education; learning science; brain

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