（南京大学 网络化学习与管理研究所，江苏南京 200093）
【关键词】学习； 学习本质； 学习化团队； 学习型组织； 学习技术； 学习方式
What is Learning really about
A Research Outline on the Multi-Discipline Perspective on Learning
（Center for Learning and Innovation， Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China)
Abstract: Learning has been a leadingedge hot topic as well as a contemporary jointexploration of many people from a myriad of academic disciplines and practice fields. It has also become a critical issue for businessmen and statesmen to concern about the future and destiny of mankind. All of these have provided great impetus for the global trends of building learning organizations and a learning society. This paper begins by delving into two interpretations of the concept of learning from the Chinese cultural tradition as well as the Western psychological perspective. It analyzes the accomplishment and limitation of current learning theories, then attempts to broaden current learning theory from a micro to a macro perspective, from individual to teams to social groups, and look at learning from a broad spectrum of perspectives of educational philosophy and technology, management science, philosophy of history and philosophy of anthropology. Having taken a theoretical exploration of human learning activities, it proposes and demonstrates that various learning methods in reality belong to the same level of creative and generative process. It proposes that “learning is the social praxis of the rebirth of mankind”, and “the essence of learning for individuals is a process of selfmastery and character building where a person overcomes obstacles and creates excellence. For mankind as a whole, the essence of learning is the process of deepening understanding, and creating a higher level of collective consciousness and wisdom”.
The author contends that the human drive to learn, and the aspiration to create and to reshape our external world provide the basic structural foundation, power and source for survival and development. It proposes that a theory be developed through a set of lenses based upon a broad perspective of philosophy of history to help gain insights, to interpret and to make sense of the complex and paradoxical nature and mystery of human potential for learning. This will help us to gain more indepth knowledge of the overall human pattern and characteristics of learning and to provide a more solid theoretical foundation in accordance with the “scientific developmental perspective”.
Key words: learning; the essence of learning; learning team; learning organization; learning technology; learning method